Homer-Dixon, Thomas; Walker, Brian; Biggs, Reinette; Crepin, Anne-Sophie; Folke, Carl; Lambin, Eric F; Peterson, Garry; Rockstrom, Johan; Scheffer, Marten; Steffen, Will; Troell, Max
Recent global crises reveal an emerging pattern of causation that could increasingly characterize the birth and progress of future global crises. A conceptual framework identifies this pattern’s deep causes, intermediate processes, and ultimate outcomes. The framework shows how multiple stresses can interact within a single social-ecological system to cause a shift in that system’s behavior, how simultaneous shifts of this kind in several largely discrete social-ecological systems can interact...[Show more]
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