Activation of endogenous thrombin receptors causes clustering and sensitization of epidermal growth factor receptors of Swiss 3T3 cells without transactivation




Crouch, Michael F
Davy, Deborah
Willard, Francis
Berven, Leise

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Rockefeller University Press


The G protein-coupled thrombin receptor can induce cellular responses in some systems by transactivating the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor. This is in part due to the stimulation of ectoproteases that generate EGF receptor ligands. We show here that this cannot account for the stimulation of proliferation or migration by thrombin of Swiss 3T3 cells. Thrombin has no direct effect on the activation state of the EGF receptor or of its downstream effectors. However, thrombin induces the subcellular clustering of the EGF receptor at filamentous actin-containing structures at the leading edge and actin arcs of migrating cells in association with other signaling molecules, including Shc and phospholipase Cγ1. In these thrombin-primed cells, the subsequent migratory response to EGF is potentiated. Thrombin did not potentiate the EGF-stimulated EGF receptor phosphorylation. Thus, in Swiss 3T3 cells the G protein-coupled thrombin receptor can potentiate the EGF tyrosine kinase receptor response when activated by EGF, and this appears to be due to the subcellular concentration of the receptor with downstream effectors and not to the overall ability of EGF to induce receptor transphosphorylation. Thus, the EGF receptor subcellular localization which is altered by thrombin appears to be an important determinant of the efficacy of downstream EGF receptor signaling in cell migration.



Keywords: actin; epidermal growth factor; epidermal growth factor receptor; G protein coupled receptor; phospholipase C; protein Shc; proteinase; thrombin; thrombin receptor; tyrosine kinase receptor; animal cell; article; cell cycle; cell migration; cell prolifera Actin arc; Costimulation; Crosstalk; G protein; Rafts



Journal of Cell Biology


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