An integrated framework for sustainable development goals

Date

2014

Authors

Griggs, David
Stafford Smith, Mark
Rockström, Johan
Öhman, Marcus C.
Gaffney, Owen
Glaser, Gisbert
Kanie, Norichika
Noble, Ian
Steffen, Will
Shyamsundar, Priya

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Resilience Alliance

Abstract

The United Nations (UN) Rio+20 summit committed nations to develop a set of universal sustainable development goals (SDGs) to build on the millennium development goals (MDGs) set to expire in 2015. Research now indicates that humanity’s impact on Earth’s life support system is so great that further global environmental change risks undermining long-term prosperity and poverty eradication goals. Socioeconomic development and global sustainability are often posed as being in conflict because of trade-offs between a growing world population, as well as higher standards of living, and managing the effects of production and consumption on the global environment. We have established a framework for an evidence-based architecture for new goals and targets. Building on six SDGs, which integrate development and environmental considerations, we developed a comprehensive framework of goals and associated targets, which demonstrate that it is possible, and necessary, to develop integrated targets relating to food, energy, water, and ecosystem services goals; thus providing a neutral evidence-based approach to support SDG target discussions. Global analyses, using an integrated global target equation, are close to providing indicators for these targets. Alongside development-only targets and environment-only targets, these integrated targets would ensure that synergies are maximized and trade-offs are managed in the implementation of SDGs.

Description

Keywords

development, environment, sustainability, sustainable development, sustainable development goals

Citation

Source

Ecology and Society

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.5751/ES-07082-190449

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