The Australia clause and REDD: a cautionary tale

Date

2011

Authors

Macintosh, Andrew

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Kluwer Academic Publishers

Abstract

If a binding agreement can be reached on a post-2012 international climate regime, it is likely to include the phased introduction of a market-linked mechanism for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD). Under such a scheme, countries that reduce net REDD emissions below a pre-set baseline would receive credits that could be sold in carbon markets and used by purchasing nations to meet their international mitigation obligations. This paper draws on the Australian experience with deforestation to identify some of the issues that might obstruct progress on REDD. For the past 20 years, Australia has had the highest rate of deforestation in the developed world; ~416,000 ha of forests were cleared annually between 1990 and 2009, resulting in the emission of almost 80 MtCO2-e/yr. It is also the only developed country that will rely on reduced deforestation emissions as the primary way of meeting its quantified emissions target under the Kyoto Protocol. Australia's approach to deforestation issues provides valuable insights into the difficulties an international REDD scheme might encounter.

Description

Keywords

Keywords: Australia; Carbon markets; Cautionary tales; Climate regime; Developed countries; Forest degradation; KYOTO protocol; Developing countries; Emission control; Deforestation; baseline conditions; climate conditions; deforestation; developing world; emission

Citation

Source

Climatic Change

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.1007/s10584-011-0210-x

Restricted until

2037-12-31