Defining the essential function of FBP/KSRP proteins: Drosophila Psi interacts with the mediator complex to modulate MYC transcription and tissue growth

Date

2016-05-20

Authors

Guo, Linna
Zaysteva, Olga
Nie, Zuqin
Mitchell, Naomi C
Amanda Lee, Jue Er
Ware, Thomas
Parsons, Linda
Luwor, Rodney
Poortinga, Gretchen
Hannan, Ross D

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Oxford University Press

Abstract

Despite two decades of research, the major function of FBP-family KH domain proteins during animal development remains controversial. The literature is divided between RNA processing and transcriptional functions for these single stranded nucleic acid binding proteins. Using Drosophila, where the three mammalian FBP proteins (FBP1-3) are represented by one ortholog, Psi, we demonstrate the primary developmental role is control of cell and tissue growth. Co-IP-mass spectrometry positioned Psi in an interactome predominantly comprised of RNA Polymerase II (RNA Pol II) transcriptional machinery and we demonstrate Psi is a potent transcriptional activator. The most striking interaction was between Psi and the transcriptional mediator (MED) complex, a known sensor of signaling inputs. Moreover, genetic manipulation of MED activity modified Psi-dependent growth, which suggests Psi interacts with MED to integrate developmental growth signals. Our data suggest the key target of the Psi/MED network in controlling developmentally regulated tissue growth is the transcription factor MYC. As FBP1 has been implicated in controlling expression of the MYC oncogene, we predict interaction between MED and FBP1 might also have implications for cancer initiation and progression.

Description

Keywords

animals, drosophila proteins, drosophila melanogaster, gene knockdown techniques, hela cells, humans, mediator complex, nuclear proteins, promoter regions, genetic, protein binding, protein subunits, proto-oncogene proteins c-myc, rna polymerase ii, rna-binding proteins, transcription, genetic, morphogenesis

Citation

Source

Nucleic acids research

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

Open Access

License Rights

DOI

10.1093/nar/gkw461

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