Structure and characteristics of milled silk particles

Date

2014

Authors

Kazemimostaghim, Mehdi
Rajkhowa, Rangam
Patil, K
Tsuzuki, Takuya
Wang, Xungai

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Abstract

This study examined the structure, thermal property, and ion adsorption of silk particles. The particles were prepared by attritor-bead mill combination, using alkaline (pH10) charge repulsion and surfactant steric repulsion methods. Both methods produced particles with a dominant β-sheet structure, similar to the silk fibre. There was no significant difference in the decomposition temperatures for either the silk fibre or the micro/nano silk particles. An important finding from this study is clear evidence of reduction of amorphous content during the final stage of powdering using the bead mill. As a result, despite reduction in β-sheet crystallites with the progressive milling, the relative β-sheet content actually increased during this process. However, intermolecular forces between the β-sheets reduced significantly and hence the XRD results showed significant reduction in crystallinity in nano silk particles but crystal forming segments remained with β-sheet conformations after milling. The structural change influenced the ion-adsorption property where particle-size reduction resulted in a significant increase in both the rate and volume of HCrO4 - adsorption.

Description

Keywords

Citation

Source

Powder Technology

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.1016/j.powtec.2014.01.060

Restricted until

2037-12-31