Endocrine-Disrupting Compounds: A review of their challenge to sustainable and safe water supply and water reuse

Date

2006

Authors

Falconer, Ian R
Chapman, Heather F
Moore, Michael R
Ranmuthugala, Geethanjali

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

John Wiley & Sons Inc

Abstract

The relevance of endocrine-disrupting compounds as potential contaminants of drinking water is reviewed, particularly in the reuse of wastewater. Growing populations and increasing intensification of land and water use for industry and agriculture have increased the need to reclaim wastewater for reuse, including to supplement the drinking water supply. The variety of anthropogenic chemicals that have been identified as potential endocrine disruptors in the environment and the problems arising from their use as human and livestock pharmaceuticals, as agricultural chemicals and in industry are discussed. The potentially adverse impact of these chemicals on human health and the ecology of the natural environment are reviewed. Data for the removal of estrogenic compounds from wastewater treatment are presented, together with the comparative potencies of estrogenic compounds. The relative exposure to estrogens of women on oral contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy, and through food consumption is estimated. A brief overview of some methods available or under development for the assessment of estrogenic activity in environmental samples is provided. The review concludes with a discussion of the directions for further investigation, which include human epidemiology, methodology development, and wastewater monitoring.

Description

Keywords

Keywords: Agriculture; Ecology; Potable water; Sustainable development; Endocrine disruptors; Estrogens; Wastewater monitoring; Water supply; agricultural chemical; drinking water; drug; endocrine disruptor; estradiol; estrogen; estrogen receptor; ethinylestradiol; Drinking water; Endocrine disruptors; Estrogens; Wastewater reclamation

Citation

Source

Environmental Toxicology

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.1002/tox.20172

Restricted until

2037-12-31