Constraining C III] Emission in a Sample of Five Luminous z = 5.7 Galaxies




Ding, Jiani
Cai, Zheng
Fan, Xiaohui
Bian, Fuyan
Stark, Daniel P
Jiang, Linhua
McGreer, Ian
Robertson, Brant E
Siana, Brian

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Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd.


Recent observations have suggested that the C iii] emission lines could be alternative diagnostic lines for galaxies in the reionization epoch. We use the F128N narrowband filter on the Hubble Space Telescope's (HST) Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) to search for C iii] emission in a sample of five galaxies at z = 5.7 in the Subaru Deep Field and the Subaru/XMM-Newton Deep Field. Using the F128N narrowband imaging, together with the broadband imaging, we do not detect C iii] emission for the five galaxies with ranging from 24.10 to 27.00 in our sample. For the brightest galaxy J132416.13+274411.6 in our sample (z = 5.70,JAB= 24.10), which has a significantly higher signal to noise, we report a C iii] flux of 3.34 ± 1.81 × 10-18 erg s-1 cm-2 flux of , which places a stringent 3σ upper limit of on C iii] flux and 6.57 Å on the C iii] 2.55 × 10-18 erg s-1 cm-2 equivalent width. Using the stacked image, we put a 3σ upper limit on the mean C iii] flux of and a 3σ upper limit on the mean C iii] equivalent width of 4.20 Å for this sample of galaxies at z = 5.70. Combined with strong C iii] detection reported among high-z galaxies in the literature, our observations suggest that the equivalent widths of C iii] from galaxies at z > 5.70 exhibit a wide range of distribution. Our strong limits on C iii] emission could be used as a guide for future observations in the reionization epoch



dark ages, reionization, first stars – galaxies, high-redshift



Astrophysical Journal Letters


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