Iranian mothers' perception of the psychological birth trauma: A qualitative study




Taghizadeh, Ziba
Irajpour, Alireza
Nedjat, Saharnaz
Arbabi, Mohammad
Lopez, Violeta

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Tehran University of Medical Sciences


Objective: Childbirth is one of the most vulnerable moments and the most important and memorable events in the lives of women that despite of bringing happiness, it can be associated with psychological trauma and endanger the mother and neonate health. Mothers' perception of the psychological birth trauma is a highly subjective process that depends on the cultural, social and biological conditions of mothers that is not achievable except with examination of their views. This study aimed to understand psychological birth trauma from the perceptions of Iranian mothers. Methods: A qualitative research design using in-depth interviews of 23 Iranian mothers was conducted from Tehran and Isfahan health centers. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using conventional content analysis. Results: Two themes were extracted from the data: impact of psychological birth trauma and trends of psychological birth trauma. Several categories and sub-categories also emerged from the data. Feelings of fear, anxiety, helplessness and sense of impending death (collapse) were reported by the mothers. Conclusions: By considering the unforgettable experience of mothers from the psychological birth trauma, a plan for supportive care before, during and after birth is critical.





Iranian Journal of Psychiatry


Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights


Restricted until