Observing pulsars and fast transients with LOFAR

Date

2011

Authors

Stappers, B. W.
Hessels, J. W. T.
Alexov, A
Andersen, K
Coenen, T
Hassall, T. E
Karastergiou, A
Kondratiev, V. I.
Kramer, M
van Leeuwen, J

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Springer

Abstract

Low frequency radio waves, while challenging to observe, are a rich source of information about pulsars. The LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR) is a new radio interferometer operating in the lowest 4 octaves of the ionospheric "radio window": 10-240 MHz, that will greatly facilitate observing pulsars at low radio frequencies. Through the huge collecting area, long baselines, and flexible digital hardware, it is expected that LOFAR will revolutionize radio astronomy at the lowest frequencies visible from Earth. LOFAR is a next-generation radio telescope and a pathfinder to the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), in that it incorporates advanced multi-beaming techniques between thousands of individual elements. We discuss the motivation for low-frequency pulsar observations in general and the potential of LOFAR in addressing these science goals. We present LOFAR as it is designed to perform high-time-resolution observations of pulsars and other fast transients, and outline the various relevant observing modes and data reduction pipelines that are already or will soon be implemented to facilitate these observations. A number of results obtained from commissioning observations are presented to demonstrate the exciting potential of the telescope. This paper outlines the case for low frequency pulsar observations and is also intended to serve as a reference for upcoming pulsar/fast transient science papers with LOFAR.

Description

Keywords

Keywords: Instrumentation: interferometers; ISM: general; Methods: observational; Pulsars: general; Stars: neutron; Data reduction; Earth (planet); Interferometers; Optical telescopes; Radar astronomy; Radio astronomy; Radio telescopes; Radio waves; Transients; Dig Instrumentation: interferometers; ISM: general; Methods: observational; Pulsars: general; Stars: neutron; Telescopes

Citation

Source

Astronomy and Astrophysics

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

Open Access

License Rights

DOI

10.1051/0004-6361/201116681

Restricted until