The in situ conservation of rice plant genetic diversity: A case study from a Philippine barangay.

Date

2005

Authors

Carpenter, David

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Kluwer Academic Publishers

Abstract

The conservation of rice plant genetic diversity is particularly important for resource-poor farmers in economically marginal areas of the Philippines. This paper discusses the state of rice plant genetic diversity in the Philippines and the reasons behind the decrease in diversity witnessed over the last 30 years. A case study describes the in situ management of rice plant genetic diversity by resource-poor farmers from the Philippine island of Bohol, throughout the traditional, green revolution, and post-green revolution periods. This analysis demonstrates that farmers tend to favor genetically heterogeneous varieties that adapt to varied environments. The case study also reviews an NGO-sponsored agricultural biodiversity project that demonstrates that rice plant genetic diversity can be increased by empowering farmers - providing them with access to varieties, knowledge of varietal trials, varietal selection, and varietal breeding, as well as increasing the linkages they have with other farmers and institutions.

Description

Keywords

Keywords: Green revolution; Philippines; Post-green revolution; Rice diversity; Rice farming; Varietal selection; Varietal trials

Citation

Source

Agriculture and Human Values

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.1007/s10460-005-3397-5

Restricted until

2037-12-31