The relationship of experiencing workplace bullying with mental health, affective commitment and job satisfaction: Application of the mob demands control model

Date

2020

Authors

Steele, Nicole
Rodgers, Bryan
Fogarty, Gerard J.

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

MDPI

Abstract

There have been very few theoretical models published to understand the relationship between workplace bullying and different outcome variables. Applying the Job Demands Control (JDC) model, this study analyzed workplace bullying alongside ‘traditional’ job stressors of role overload and low job control to determine the relative associations of each with mental health and wellbeing. These relative associations have not been well documented. Data were obtained from an organizational climate questionnaire administered to 21 Australian Defence Force units (n = 3193). Results indicated that the correlations between bullying and psychological distress (r = 0.39), job satisfaction (r = −0.28), and affective commitment (r = −0.22) were all significant and for some outcomes greater than those involving the traditional job stressors. Furthermore, for each of these three outcomes, bullying contributed incremental variance after controlling for other job demands. These results support earlier claims that workplace bullying requires the same attention given to traditional work stressors. The JDC model provides a strong theoretical base to investigate workplace bullying. Testing against other stressors allows for consideration of the broader context of workplace bullying when managing the workforce.

Description

Keywords

bullying, psychological distress, commitment, satisfaction, military, mobbing

Citation

Source

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

Open Access

License Rights

Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17062151

Restricted until