COVID-19 and future pandemics: is isolation and social distancing the new norm?

Date

2021

Authors

Collignon, Peter

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Blackwell Science Asia

Abstract

The coronavirus, named SARS-CoV-2, is the cause of COVID-19. This virus spreads readily from person to person and predominantly to and from the respiratory route and through droplets. There are many different interventions that can be and are used to decrease successfully the risk and spread of COVID-19. Most of the principles underpinning these interventions relate to isolation and social distancing. These will need to be continued, at least in part, until safe and very effective vaccines become widely available and are delivered extensively and successfully globally. This new norm is isolation, plus social and physical distancing, and this new norm will likely be with us for some time to come. It will also be with us in any future pandemics, whether caused by bacteria or viruses, but especially when the causative pathogen spreads predominantly through the respiratory route. However, lockdowns and restrictions also cause many adverse but unintended economic, social and health consequences. Therefore, what is put into place needs to be proportionate to levels of risk of disease as well as spread, and which will vary in different localities and with time.

Description

Keywords

aerosols, COVID-19, droplets, infection controland prevention, public health, SARS-CoV-2

Citation

Source

Internal Medicine Journal

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.1111/imj.15287

Restricted until

2099-12-31