Reviews and syntheses: Field data to benchmark the carbon cycle models for tropical forests

Date

2017

Authors

Clark, Deborah A.
Asao, Shinichi
Fisher, Rosie
Reed, Sasha
Reich, Peter B
Ryan, Michael G.
Wood, Tana E.
Yang, Xiaojuan

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Copernicus GmbH

Abstract

For more accurate projections of both the global carbon (C) cycle and the changing climate, a critical current need is to improve the representation of tropical forests in Earth system models. Tropical forests exchange more C, energy, and water with the atmosphere than any other class of land ecosystems. Further, tropical-forest C cycling is likely responding to the rapid global warming, intensifying water stress, and increasing atmospheric CO2 levels. Projections of the future C balance of the tropics vary widely among global models. A current effort of the modeling community, the ILAMB (International Land Model Benchmarking) project, is to compile robust observations that can be used to improve the accuracy and realism of the land models for all major biomes. Our goal with this paper is to identify field observations of tropical-forest ecosystem C stocks and fluxes, and of their long-term trends and climatic and CO2 sensitivities, that can serve this effort. We propose criteria for reference-level field data from this biome and present a set of documented examples from old-growth lowland tropical forests. We offer these as a starting point towards the goal of a regularly updated consensus set of benchmark field observations of C cycling in tropical forests.

Description

Keywords

Citation

Source

Biogeosciences

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

Open Access

License Rights

CC Attribution 3.0 License

DOI

10.5194/bg-14-4663-2017

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