Renal Glomeruli and Tubular Injury Following Indomethacin, Ibuprofen, and Gentamicin Exposure in a Neonatal Rat Model

Date

2007

Authors

Kent, Alison
Maxwell, Lesley
Konia, Mark E
Falk, Michael
Willenborg, David
Dahlstrom, Jane

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

International Pediatric Research Foundation Inc

Abstract

Indomethacin, ibuprofen, and gentamicin are commonly administered to neonates between 24 and 28 wk gestation when glomerulogenesis is still occurring. Indomethacin is known to cause renal failure in up to 25% of infants treated. Possible morphologic effects of these drugs are largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the type of renal changes found on light (LM) and electron microscopy (EM) following administration of indomethacin, ibuprofen, and gentamicin in a neonatal rat model. Rat pups were exposed to indomethacin or ibuprofen and/or gentamicin antenatally for 5 d before birth or postnatally for 5 d from d 1 of life. Pups were killed at 14 d of age. LM examination in all indomethacin- and ibuprofen-treated pups both antenatally and postnatally showed vacuolization of the epithelial proximal tubules, interstitial edema, intratubular protein deposition but no significant glomerular changes. EM examination showed pleomorphic mitochondria and loss of microvilli in the tubules. The glomeruli showed extensive foot process effacement and irregularities of the glomerular basement membrane. EM changes were most marked in pups treated antenatally with ibuprofen, and indomethacin with gentamicin postnatally. Indomethacin, ibuprofen, and gentamicin cause significant change in glomerular and tubular structure in the neonatal rat model.

Description

Keywords

Keywords: gentamicin; ibuprofen; indometacin; animal cell; animal experiment; animal model; animal tissue; article; cell vacuole; drug exposure; edema; electron microscopy; female; glomerulus; glomerulus basement membrane; kidney epithelium; kidney injury; kidney t

Citation

Source

Pediatric Research

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.1203/PDR.0b013e318123f6e3

Restricted until

2037-12-31