Information and Communications Technologies, Online Activism, and Implications for Vietnam’s Public Diplomacy

Date

2021

Authors

Lam, Vu

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA)

Abstract

Under the authoritarian regime, earlier iterations of Vietnam’s public diplomacy (PD), especially during wartime, reassembled propaganda and psychological warfare. But thanks to Doi Moi (i.e. “renovation”) in 1986, new understandings of PD were made possible with a revamped foreign policy of multi-lateralisation and diversification. This article argues that information and communications technologies (ICTs), especially the internet and social media, have further transformed the practice of Vietnamese PD. Focusing on the period from 1997 when the internet was introduced in Vietnam, this article first provides a general analysis of the influence of ICTs on Vietnam’s politics. It then delves into how ICTs have transformed Vietnam’s PD. The key takeaway is that the internet and social media have significantly empowered public opinion in foreign policy, giving rise to cross-border cyber communities that can play the roles of both recipient and practitioner of PD.

Description

Keywords

Vietnam, public diplomacy, social media, online activism, nation branding, cybersecurity, foreign policy

Citation

Source

Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

Open Access

License Rights

Creative Commons Attribution licence

DOI

10.1177/18681034211002850

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