A Bayesian approach for estimating underreported dengue incidence with a focus on non-linear associations between climate and dengue in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Date

2016

Authors

Sharmin, Sifat
Glass, Kathryn
Viennet, Elvina
Harley, David

Journal Title

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Volume Title

Publisher

Arnold Publishers

Abstract

Determining the relation between climate and dengue incidence is challenging due to under-reporting of disease and consequent biased incidence estimates. Non-linear associations between climate and incidence compound this. Here, we introduce a modelling framework to estimate dengue incidence from passive surveillance data while incorporating non-linear climate effects. We estimated the true number of cases per month using a Bayesian generalised linear model, developed in stages to adjust for under-reporting. A semi-parametric thin-plate spline approach was used to quantify non-linear climate effects. The approach was applied to data collected from the national dengue surveillance system of Bangladesh. The model estimated that only 2.8% (95% credible interval 2.7–2.8) of all cases in the capital Dhaka were reported through passive case reporting. The optimal mean monthly temperature for dengue transmission is 29℃ and average monthly rainfall above 15 mm decreases transmission. Our approach provides an estimate of true incidence and an understanding of the effects of temperature and rainfall on dengue transmission in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

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Citation

Source

Statistical Methods in Medical Research

Type

Journal article

Book Title

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DOI

10.1177/0962280216649216

Restricted until

2037-12-31