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Co-polymerization analysis of thermosetting resins using 1 H- 15 N- 13 C triple resonance NMR spectroscopy




Philbrook, Amy
Earnshaw, Scott
Easton, Christopher
Keniry, Max
Latter, Melissa

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John Wiley & Sons Inc


1H-15N-13C correlation NMR spectroscopy techniques developed to identify and characterize co-polymer fragments in melamine-urea-formaldehyde (MUF) and phenol-urea-formaldehyde (PUF) model systems have been applied to industrially prepared MUF, PUF, and phenol-melamine-formaldehyde (PMF) resins. The NMR data confirm that co-polymers form in a commercially prepared MUF resin manufactured by Momentive Specialty Chemicals Pty. Ltd. Spectra from PUF model reactions were compared with those from a PUF resin and it was determined that PUF co-polymers did not form in the resin prepared using typical temperature and pH. Finally, NMR spectroscopy was used to identify and characterize PMF co-polymer bonds in a phenol-melamine- urea-formaldehyde (PMUF) resin prepared using a procedure from Momentive Specialty Chemicals Pty. Ltd. With these NMR techniques in hand, it is now possible to relate co-polymer structures to properties of commercial thermosets.



Keywords: Model reactions; Model system; MUF resins; NMR techniques; Phenol urea formaldehydes; Specialty chemicals; Triple resonance; Urea formaldehyde; Adhesives; Copolymers; Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; Phenols; Polymers; Resins; Spectroscopy; Thermo adhesives; copolymers; resins; spectroscopy; thermosets



Journal of Applied Polymer Science


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