Total scattering and pair distribution function analysis in modelling disorder in PZN (PbZn1/3Nb2/3O3)

Date

2016

Authors

Whitfield, Ross
Goossens, Darren
Welberry, Thomas

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

International Union of Crystallography

Abstract

The ability of the pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of total scattering (TS) from a powder to determine the local ordering in ferroelectric PZN (PbZn1/3Nb2/3O3) has been explored by comparison with a model established using single-crystal diffuse scattering (SCDS). While X-ray PDF analysis is discussed, the focus is on neutron diffraction results because of the greater extent of the data and the sensitivity of the neutron to oxygen atoms, the behaviour of which is important in PZN. The PDF was shown to be sensitive to many effects not apparent in the average crystal structure, including variations in the B-site—O separation distances and the fact that h110i Pb2+ displacements are most likely. A qualitative comparison between SCDS and the PDF shows that some features apparent in SCDS were not apparent in the PDF. These tended to pertain to short-range correlations in the structure, rather than to interatomic separations. For example, in SCDS the short-range alternation of the B-site cations was quite apparent in diffuse scattering at (1 1 1), whereas it 222 was not apparent in the PDF.

Description

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Citation

Source

IUCrJ

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

Open Access

License Rights

DOI

10.1107/S2052252515018722

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