Angular Sizes and Effective Temperatures of O-type Stars from Optical Interferometry with the CHARA Array




Gordon, Kathryn D
Gies, D. R.
Schaefer, Gail
Huber, Daniel
Ireland, Michael
Hillier, D. John

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


IOP Publishing


We present interferometric observations of six O-type stars that were made with the Precision Astronomical Visible Observations beam combiner at the Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy (CHARA) Array. The observations include multiple brackets for three targets, λ Ori A, ζ Oph, and 10 Lac, but there are only preliminary, single observations of the other three stars, ξ Per, α Cam, and ζ Ori A. The stellar angular diameters range from 0.55 mas for ζ Ori A down to 0.11 mas for 10 Lac, the smallest star yet resolved with the CHARA Array. The rotational oblateness of the rapidly rotating star ζ Oph is directly measured for the first time. We assembled ultraviolet to infrared flux measurements for these stars, and then derived angular diameters and reddening estimates using model atmospheres and an effective temperature set by published results from analysis of the line spectrum. The model-based angular diameters are in good agreement with those observed. We also present estimates for the effective temperatures of these stars, derived by setting the interferometric angular size and fitting the spectrophotometry.





The Astrophysical Journal


Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

Open Access

License Rights



Restricted until