The lifestyle of our kids (LOOK) project: Outline of methods

Date

2009

Authors

Telford, Richard
Bass, Shona L
Budge, Marc
Byrne, Donald
Carlson, John S.
Coles, David
Cunningham, Ross
Daly, Robin M
Dunstan, David W.
English, Rowena

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Sports Medicine Australia

Abstract

This methods paper outlines the overall design of a community-based multidisciplinary longitudinal study with the intent to stimulate interest and communication from scientists and practitioners studying the role of physical activity in preventive medicine. In adults, lack of regular exercise is a major risk factor in the development of chronic degenerative diseases and is a major contributor to obesity, and now we have evidence that many of our children are not sufficiently active to prevent early symptoms of chronic disease. The lifestyle of our kids (LOOK) study investigates how early physical activity contributes to health and development, utilizing a longitudinal design and a cohort of eight hundred and thirty 7-8-year-old (grade 2) school children followed to age 11-12 years (grade 6), their average family income being very close to that of Australia. We will test two hypotheses, that (a) the quantity and quality of physical activity undertaken by primary school children will influence their psychological and physical health and development; (b) compared with existing practices in primary schools, a physical education program administered by visiting specialists will enhance health and development, and lead to a more positive perception of physical activity. To test the first hypothesis we will monitor all children longitudinally over the 4 years. To test the second we will involve an intervention group of 430 children who receive two 50 min physical education classes every week from visiting specialists and a control group of 400 who continue with their usual primary school physical education with their class-room teachers. At the end of grades 2, 4, and 6 we will measure several areas of health and development including blood risk factors for chronic disease, cardiovascular structure and function, physical fitness, psychological characteristics and perceptions of physical activity, bone structure and strength, motor control, body composition, nutritional intake, influence of teachers and family, and academic performance.

Description

Keywords

Keywords: Adolescent; Australia; Child; Chronic Disease; Community Health Services; Data Collection; Echocardiography; Exercise; Health Promotion; Humans; Life Style; Longitudinal Studies; Motor Activity; Physical Fitness; Preventive Medicine; Research Design; Self Blood; Body composition; Bone; Cardiovascular; Children; Chronic disease; Development; Exercise; Fitness; Health; Motor control; Nutrition; Physical activity; Physical education; Puberty

Citation

Source

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.1016/j.jsams.2007.03.009

Restricted until

2037-12-31