Why Does Year 12 Retention Differ Between Australian States and Territories?

Date

2006

Authors

Ryan, Christopher
Watson, Louise

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Australian Council for Educational Research Press

Abstract

Year Twelve retention rates have a number of well-known deficiencies that prevent proper comparisons of school completion between school systems. This paper compares secondary school completion rates across Australian states and territories from 1989 to 2002 and adjusts 'official' 2002 retention rates to take account of the acknowledged measurement problems. We identify a pattern of mismeasurement of national Year Twelve retention over the 1990s. We estimate that the Year Twelve retention rate was a particularly poor measure of national school completion in the early 1990s, when it appeared to peak in the official estimates. In contrast to the official figures, our adjusted measure of Year Twelve retention was no lower in the late 1990s than it had been in the early 1990s. Our findings suggest that governments should be cautious in using official Year Twelve retention rates as a measure of the performance of Australian school systems.

Description

Keywords

Keywords: Educational policy; Grade repetition; Performance indicators; School entrance age; School holding power; Secondary school students

Citation

Source

Australian Journal of Education

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

Restricted until

2037-12-31