A spectrophotometric study of aqueous copper(I)-chloride complexes in LiCl solutions between 100°C and 250°C.




Brugger, Joel
McPhail, Derry
Spiccia, Leone

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd


Copper transport and deposition in highly saline hydrothermal fluids are controlled by the stability of copper(I) complexes with ligands such as chloride and hydrosulphide. However, our understanding of the behavior of copper(I) chloride complexes at elevated temperatures and in highly saline brines is limited by the conditions of existing experimental studies where the maximum chloride concentration is 2 m. This paper presents the results of a study of copper(I) chloride complexes at much higher chloride concentrations, 1.5 m to 9.1 m, using a UV spectrophotometric method. The UV spectra of copper(I)-bearing LiCl solutions were measured at temperatures between 100 °C and 250 °C at vapor-saturated pressures and quantitative interpretation of the spectra shows that CuCl2- , CuCl32-, and CuCl43-, were present in the experimental solutions. The fitted logarithms of formation constants (log K ) for CuCl2- are in good agreement with the previous results of solubility experiments reported by Xiao et al. (1998) and Liu et al. (2001) The log K values for CuCl32- also agree with those of Liu et al. (2001) and theoretical estimates of Sverjensky et al. (1997). This study presents the first experimentally determined formation constants for CuCl43-, at temperatures greater than 25 °C, and indicates that this complex predominates at chloride concentrations greater than 5 m. Based on the new log K values generated from this study, the calculated chalcopyrite solubility in NaCl solutions indicates that in addition to cooling, fluid mixing (dilution of saline fluids) may be an important factor controlling the deposition of copper minerals from hydrothermal solutions. 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.



Keywords: chloride; copper; copper compound; experimental study; hydrothermal fluid; ligand; salinity; spectrophotometry



Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta


Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights



Restricted until