There was no macroeconomic policy in the classical system of economic thought. Monetary policy was determined without discretion within the Gold Standard, and budget outcomes were guided by a 'balanced budget rule'. Intellectual and policy support for the classical rules evaporated when large shocks upset the classical adjustment mechanisms and led to high and persistent unemployment. For a number of decades after Keynes's general theory, discretionary adjustment of fiscal and monetary policy...[Show more]
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