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Longitudinal designs, methods and analysis in psychiatric research

Hofer, Scott; Anstey, Kaarin

Description

Objective: To outline the strengths and limitations of longitudinal research designs in psychiatry, and to describe different types of longitudinal designs and methods for analyzing longitudinal data. Method: Key references on longitudinal methods were reviewed and examples drawn from literature in psychiatry and psychology. Results: Longitudinal studies provide important information regarding the incidence and developmental trajectories of mental disorders. They allow for identification of...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorHofer, Scott
dc.contributor.authorAnstey, Kaarin
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-13T22:40:18Z
dc.date.available2015-12-13T22:40:18Z
dc.identifier.issn0004-8674
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/78178
dc.description.abstractObjective: To outline the strengths and limitations of longitudinal research designs in psychiatry, and to describe different types of longitudinal designs and methods for analyzing longitudinal data. Method: Key references on longitudinal methods were reviewed and examples drawn from literature in psychiatry and psychology. Results: Longitudinal studies provide important information regarding the incidence and developmental trajectories of mental disorders. They allow for identification of risk factors and developmental concomitants. Recent developments in statistical methods for analyzing longitudinal data provide efficient estimates of change and predictors of change over time, identification and characteristics of distinct subgroups defined by change pattern, and improved methods for obtaining unbiased population estimates when data are incomplete. Conclusion: Longitudinal designs, methods and analysis can contribute to psychiatric studies on risk factors for common mental disorders, studies of early intervention and prevention and treatment outcomes.
dc.publisherSAGE Publications
dc.sourceAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
dc.subjectKeywords: analytic method; cohort analysis; correlation analysis; follow up; human; incidence; longitudinal study; medical information; medical research; mental disease; methodology; outcomes research; retrospective study; review; risk factor; sampling; statistical Cohort studies; Developmental trajectories; Longitudinal methods; Missing data analysis
dc.titleLongitudinal designs, methods and analysis in psychiatric research
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.description.refereedYes
local.identifier.citationvolume38
dc.date.issued2004
local.identifier.absfor111714 - Mental Health
local.identifier.ariespublicationMigratedxPub6860
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationAnstey, Kaarin, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationHofer, Scott, Pennsylvania State University
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage93
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage104
local.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1440-1614.2004.01343.x
dc.date.updated2015-12-11T09:55:01Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-1842840115
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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