This article examines the process of the centralization of the Guomindang (GMD) foreign propaganda system during 1937 and 1938. The US-trained journalist Hollington Tong was the key person linking Chiang Kai-shek with the English-language press cohort. Based on his personal news network in the treaty ports, Tong extended the government's propaganda network in the United States and Britain. He professionalized the propaganda institution and pursued a "hands off policy," co-opting foreign...[Show more]
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