Carter, Alecia; Marshall, Harry H.; Heinsohn, Robert; Cowlishaw, Guy
Boldness in animal personality studies is measured using a range of different behavioural assays, including responses to novel objects, novel environments and threatening stimuli. These assays should be correlated if they all reflect boldness, but this assumption has rarely been tested. We investigated experimentally whether presentation of threatening stimuli (a taxidermic puff adder, Bitis arietans arietans) and novel object (an unfamiliar food item) both assayed the same personality trait in...[Show more]
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