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The composite task reveals stronger holistic processing in children than adults for child faces

Susilo, Bagus (Tirta); Crookes, Kate; McKone, Elinor; Turner, Hannah

Description

Background: While own-age faces have been reported to be better recognized than other-age faces, the underlying cause of this phenomenon remains unclear. One potential cause is holistic face processing, a special kind of perceptual and cognitive processing reserved for perceiving upright faces. Previous studies have indeed found that adults show stronger holistic processing when looking at adult faces compared to child faces, but whether a similar own-age bias exists in children remains to be...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorSusilo, Bagus (Tirta)
dc.contributor.authorCrookes, Kate
dc.contributor.authorMcKone, Elinor
dc.contributor.authorTurner, Hannah
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-08T22:44:39Z
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/37497
dc.description.abstractBackground: While own-age faces have been reported to be better recognized than other-age faces, the underlying cause of this phenomenon remains unclear. One potential cause is holistic face processing, a special kind of perceptual and cognitive processing reserved for perceiving upright faces. Previous studies have indeed found that adults show stronger holistic processing when looking at adult faces compared to child faces, but whether a similar own-age bias exists in children remains to be shown. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here we used the composite face task - a standard test of holistic face processing - to investigate if, for child faces, holistic processing is stronger for children than adults. Results showed child participants (8-13 years) had a larger composite effect than adult participants (22-65 years). Conclusions/Significance: Our finding suggests that differences in strength of holistic processing may underlie the own-age bias on recognition memory. We discuss the origin of own-age biases in terms of relative experience, face-space tuning, and social categorization.
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science
dc.sourcePLOS ONE (Public Library of Science)
dc.subjectKeywords: accuracy; adolescent; adult; age distribution; aged; article; Caucasian; child; cognition; controlled study; face; female; human; human experiment; image processing; male; memory; mental task; normal human; perception; recognition; sex difference; task pe
dc.titleThe composite task reveals stronger holistic processing in children than adults for child faces
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume4
dc.date.issued2009
local.identifier.absfor170112 - Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
local.identifier.absfor170101 - Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
local.identifier.ariespublicationu9312950xPUB149
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationSusilo, Bagus (Tirta), College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationCrookes, Kate, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationMcKone, Elinor, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationTurner, Hannah, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue7
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage7
local.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0006460
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T11:58:16Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-68149141670
local.identifier.thomsonID000268494500032
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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