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Effects of prismatic adaptation on spatial gradients in unilateral neglect: A comparison of visual and auditory target detection with central attentional load

Eramudugolla, Ranmalee; Boyce, Angela; Irvine, Dexter R.F.; Mattingley, Jason B

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Prismatic adaptation is increasingly recognised as an effective procedure for rehabilitating symptoms of unilateral spatial neglect – producing relatively long-lasting improvements on a variety of spatial attention tasks. The mechanisms by which the aftereffects of adaptation change neglect patients’ performance on these tasks remain controversial. It is not clear, for example, whether adaptation directly influences the pathological ipsilesional attention bias that underlies neglect, or whether...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorEramudugolla, Ranmalee
dc.contributor.authorBoyce, Angela
dc.contributor.authorIrvine, Dexter R.F.
dc.contributor.authorMattingley, Jason B
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-14T00:11:37Z
dc.identifier.issn0028-3932
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/258411
dc.description.abstractPrismatic adaptation is increasingly recognised as an effective procedure for rehabilitating symptoms of unilateral spatial neglect – producing relatively long-lasting improvements on a variety of spatial attention tasks. The mechanisms by which the aftereffects of adaptation change neglect patients’ performance on these tasks remain controversial. It is not clear, for example, whether adaptation directly influences the pathological ipsilesional attention bias that underlies neglect, or whether it simply changes exploratory motor behaviour. Here we used visual and auditory versions of a target detection task with a secondary task at fixation. Under these conditions, patients with neglect demonstrated a spatial gradient in their ability to orient to the brief, peripheral visual or auditory targets. Following prism adaptation, we found that overall performance on both the auditory and visual task improved, however, most patients in our sample did not show changes in their visual or auditory spatial gradient of attention, despite adequate aftereffects of adaptation and significant improvement in neglect on visual cancellation. Although there were individual cases that suggested prism-induced changes in visual target detection, and even reversal of the visual spatial gradient, such cases were not evident for the auditory modality. The findings indicate that spatial gradients in stimulus-driven attention may be less responsive to the effects of prism adaptation than neglect symptoms in voluntary orienting and exploratory behaviour. Individual factors such as lesion site and symptom severity may also determine the expression of prism effects on spatial neglect.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by a project grant from the National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia) awarded to JBM, DRFI and RE.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherPergamon Press
dc.rights© 2010 The Authors
dc.sourceNeuropsychologia
dc.subjectUnilateral spatial neglect
dc.subjectAuditory perception
dc.subjectVisual attention
dc.subjectAttentional load
dc.subjectPrism adaptation
dc.titleEffects of prismatic adaptation on spatial gradients in unilateral neglect: A comparison of visual and auditory target detection with central attentional load
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume48
dc.date.issued2010
local.identifier.absfor111714 - Mental Health
local.identifier.absfor111706 - Epidemiology
local.identifier.absfor111702 - Aged Health Care
local.identifier.ariespublicationU3488905xPUB20248
local.publisher.urlhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationEramudugolla, Ranmalee, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationBoyce, Angela, The University of Queensland
local.contributor.affiliationIrvine, Dexter R.F., The University of Queensland
local.contributor.affiliationMattingley, Jason B, University of Melbourne
local.description.embargo2099-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue9
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage2681
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage2692
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.05.015
dc.date.updated2020-12-06T07:20:27Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-77954456098
local.identifier.thomsonID000280573300030
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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