A Neolithic expansion, but strong genetic structure, in the independent history of New Guinea
Bergström, Anders; Oppenheimer, Stephen James; Mentzer, Alexander J.; Auckland, Kathryn; Robson, K J H; Attenborough, Robert; Alpers, Michael; Koki, George; Pomat, William; Siba, Peter M.; Xue, Yali; Sandhu, Manjinder S.; Tyler-Smith, Chris
New Guinea shows human occupation since ~50 thousand years ago (ka), independent adoption of plant cultivation ~10 ka, and great cultural and linguistic diversity today.We performed genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping on 381 individuals from 85 language groups in Papua New Guinea and find a sharp divide originating 10 to 20 ka between lowland and highland groups and a lack of non–New Guinean admixture in the latter. All highlanders share ancestry within the last 10...[Show more]
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