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Forty-thousand years of maritime subsistence near a changing shoreline on Alor Island (Indonesia)

Kealy, Shimona; O'Connor, Sue; Mahirta, Mahirta; Sari, Devi Mustika; Shipton, Ceri; Langley, Michelle; Boulanger, Clara; Kaharudin, Hendri A. F.; Patridina, Esa P.B.G.G.; Algifary, Muhammad Abizar; Irfan, Abdillah; Beaumont, Phillip; Jankowski, Nathan R.; Hawkins, Stuart; Louys, Julien


We report archaeological findings from a significant new cave site on Alor Island, Indonesia, with an in situ basal date of 40,208-38,454 cal BP. Twenty thousand years older than the earliest Pleistocene site previously known from this island, Makpan retains dense midden deposits of marine shell, fish bone, urchin and crab remains, but few terrestrial species; demonstrating that protein requirements over this time were met almost exclusively from the sea. The dates for initial occupation at...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2020
Type: Journal article
Source: Quaternary Science Reviews
DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106599
Access Rights: Open Access


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