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Australia and New Zealand

France, Malcolm; Freeman Bain, Simon; Lidbury, Brett


Animal-based toxicology is only conducted on a small scale in Australia and New Zealand. Initiatives to develop alternatives to animal tests have arisen most often in the economically important agriculture sector, and in environmental monitoring. Stringent controls restricting the use of the Draize and LD50 tests emerged as far back as 1985. While the animal testing of cosmetics is banned in New Zealand, and a similar ban is expected soon in Australia, these moves are considered to be largely...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2019
Type: Book chapter
DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-813697-3.00010-X


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The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology pp71 to77.pdf467.81 kBAdobe PDF    Request a copy

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