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New Tests to Measure Individual Differences in Matching and Labelling Facial Expressions of Emotion, and Their Association with Ability to Recognise Vocal Emotions and Facial Identity

Palermo, Romina; O’Connor, Kirsty B.; Davis, Joshua M.; Irons, Jessica; McKone, Elinor

Description

Although good tests are available for diagnosing clinical impairments in face expression processing, there is a lack of strong tests for assessing "individual differences"--that is, differences in ability between individuals within the typical, nonclinical, range. Here, we develop two new tests, one for expression perception (an odd-man-out matching task in which participants select which one of three faces displays a different expression) and one additionally requiring explicit identification...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorPalermo, Romina
dc.contributor.authorO’Connor, Kirsty B.
dc.contributor.authorDavis, Joshua M.
dc.contributor.authorIrons, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorMcKone, Elinor
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-24T06:08:30Z
dc.date.available2015-11-24T06:08:30Z
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/16677
dc.description.abstractAlthough good tests are available for diagnosing clinical impairments in face expression processing, there is a lack of strong tests for assessing "individual differences"--that is, differences in ability between individuals within the typical, nonclinical, range. Here, we develop two new tests, one for expression perception (an odd-man-out matching task in which participants select which one of three faces displays a different expression) and one additionally requiring explicit identification of the emotion (a labelling task in which participants select one of six verbal labels). We demonstrate validity (careful check of individual items, large inversion effects, independence from nonverbal IQ, convergent validity with a previous labelling task), reliability (Cronbach's alphas of.77 and.76 respectively), and wide individual differences across the typical population. We then demonstrate the usefulness of the tests by addressing theoretical questions regarding the structure of face processing, specifically the extent to which the following processes are common or distinct: (a) perceptual matching and explicit labelling of expression (modest correlation between matching and labelling supported partial independence); (b) judgement of expressions from faces and voices (results argued labelling tasks tap into a multi-modal system, while matching tasks tap distinct perceptual processes); and (c) expression and identity processing (results argued for a common first step of perceptual processing for expression and identity).
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by the Australian Research Council (http://www.arc.gov.au/) grant DP110100850 to RP and EM and the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Cognition and its Disorders (CE110001021) http://www.ccd.edu.au. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science
dc.rights© 2013 Palermo et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.sourcePLoS ONE
dc.subjectadult
dc.subjectemotions
dc.subjectface
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjecthumans
dc.subjectindividuality
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectneuropsychological tests
dc.subjectpsychometrics
dc.subjectrecognition (psychology)
dc.subjectsocial perception
dc.subjectvoice
dc.subjectyoung adult
dc.subjectfacial expression
dc.titleNew Tests to Measure Individual Differences in Matching and Labelling Facial Expressions of Emotion, and Their Association with Ability to Recognise Vocal Emotions and Facial Identity
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume8
dc.date.issued2013-06-28
local.identifier.absfor170100
local.identifier.ariespublicationf5625xPUB3582
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationPalermo, Romina, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, CMBE Research School of Psychology, School of Psychology, The Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationO'Connor, Kirsty, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, CMBE Research School of Psychology, School of Psychology, The Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationDavis, Joshua, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, CMBE Research School of Psychology, School of Psychology, The Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationIrons, Jessica, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, CMBE Research School of Psychology, School of Psychology, The Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationMcKone, Elinor, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, CMBE Research School of Psychology, School of Psychology, The Australian National University
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP110100850
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/CE110001021
local.identifier.essn1932-6203
local.bibliographicCitation.issue6
local.bibliographicCitation.startpagee68126
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage16
local.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0068126
dc.date.updated2015-12-11T08:14:44Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84879509738
local.identifier.thomsonID000321148400165
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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