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Melting of discrete vortices via quantum fluctuations

Li (Lee), Chaohong; Alexander, Tristram J; Kivshar, Yuri


We consider nonlinear boson states with a nontrivial phase structure in the three-site Bose-Hubbard ring, quantum discrete vortices (or q vortices), and study their “melting” under the action of quantum fluctuations. We calculate the spatial correlations in the ground states to show the superfluid-insulator crossover and analyze the fidelity between the exact and variational ground states to explore the validity of the classical analysis. We examine the phase coherence and the effect of quantum...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2006-11-01
Type: Journal article
Source: Physical Review Letters
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.180408


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