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Pattadakal. Virupaksha Temple. North side from west. Dedicated 740 A.D.



Photographer: Arthur Llewellyn Basham

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In both plan and elevation, the Virupaksha Temple imitates the Conjeeveram Kailasanath and represents the second of three outstanding monuments marking the passage of the strictly southern style into northern usage and reinterpretations. Although the Pattadakal Temple is most often called Virupaksha, it is also a 'Magic Mountain,' for it was copied by a lesser king of the Pattadakal region from the main Kailasanath at Conjeeveram, after a war that resulted in the bodily removal of Conjeeveram builders to the Pattadakal. This, in part, is responsible for the similarity between this temple and its southern predecessor. Most of the borrowed elements were brought north intact
however, the most moticeable difference is the increase in the height of the base supporting the temple, a typically northern feature. Compare the height of the basement stone in the Virupaksha Temple with that of the Kailasanath at Conjeeveram picture in slide 16.


Deccan-- Chalukya Dynasty-- Pattadakal, architecture, slide set





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