The Monterey Pine aphid Essigella californica Essig is native to western North America. In Australia, E. californica is an introduced 'pest' that has the potential to cause economic loss to the Australian softwood forestry industry. This study is the first detailed examination of E. californica 's life history attributes. Laboratory cultures of E. californica were also the first successfully established and maintained. The rate of development, survival and reproduction, and life table...[Show more]
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