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Emperor Huan and Emperor Ling: being the Chronicle of the Later Han dynasty for the years 157 to 189 AD as recorded in Chapters 54 to 59 of the Zizhi tongjian of Sima Guang

de Crespigny, Rafe; Ssu-ma, Kuang


In the Introduction to Emperor Huan and Emperor Ling, I gave a summary account of the civil administration of Later Han. As the imperial government, however, became all but irrelevant in the years of war which began in 189, I present below a survey of the military structure of the dynasty as it entered its final years. At the end of the reign of Emperor Ling, the facade of civil government remained intact. In formal terms, immediately below the ruler, the Three Excellencies (san gong), with...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Australian Centre on China in the World / 中华全球研究中心/中華全球研究中心
Type: Book


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