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Sanchi: East Gate

This image is provided for research purposes only and must not be reproduced without the prior permission of the Archives Program, Australian National University.

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dc.contributor.authorMorgan, Kenneth W.
dc.contributor.authorPhotographer: Arthur Llewellyn Basham
dc.coverage.spatialIndia (Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh)
dc.identifierANUA 682-3602
dc.identifier.otherAR BUD-12
dc.descriptionThe main stupa at Sanchi is surrounded by a stone balustrade, copying in stone the ancient wooden balustrade. There are four gates, of which the east gate is a good example of Buddhist symbolism in the last century B.D., before any images of the Buddha were permitted. The top lintel represents the seven Manishi Buddhas, with the tree of Sakyamuni on the left. The middle lintel tells the story of the great departure from Kapalivastu, showing the people on balconies
dc.descriptionthe horse without a rider represents the Buddha as he left the city
dc.descriptionthe gods are holding up the horse's hoofs, others are scattering flowers, waving scarves, or beating drums
dc.descriptionthe umbrella and fly-whisk as symbols of royalty hang in the air above the horse, and sacred footprints symbolize the invisible presence of the Buddha. The bottom lintel tells of Asoka's visit to the sacred Bodhi tree, showing the bands, and the people carrying pitchers of water for watering the tree. The six uprights between the lintels are decorated with three Bodhi trees and three first sermons. The top die on the left is a nativity scene with the Buddha's mother holding a lotus in the right hand, seated on a lotus sprouting from a vase. The die between the middle and lower lintel, on the left, is the First Sermon represented by the Wheel of the Law. The top die on the right represents Buddha Maitreya completing the Seven Manushi Buddhas from the top lintel. The die below it, on the right, is another Nativity scene. Each of the square pillars at the base is divided into four sections. The sections on the right represent the first six heavens of the Buddhist world, one of which is the Tushita heaven where Maitreya is waiting. On the left, the top scene is of the going forth of the Buddha
dc.descriptionunder that is the Enlightenment
dc.descriptionnext to the bottom is the last of the miracles which converted the Kasyapas, with the flood represented by wavy lines
dc.descriptionthe bottom square tells of Bimbisara's visit.
dc.subjectIndia: Bodhgaya, Sarnath, Rajgir, Sanchi, Nalanda, Mathura, Ajanta
dc.subjectslide set
dc.titleSanchi: East Gate
local.description.notesSource: Kenneth W. Morgan, Visual Education Service, The Divinity School, Yale University
dc.provenanceDigitised by the Australian National University in 2019
dc.rights.licenseThis image is provided for research purposes only and must not be reproduced without the prior permission of the Archives Program, Australian National University.
CollectionsArthur Llewellyn Basham


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