C-type lectin-like domains inFugu rubripes
Background Members of the C-type lectin domain (CTLD) superfamily are metazoan proteins functionally important in glycoprotein metabolism, mechanisms of multicellular integration and immunity. Three genome-level studies on human,C. elegansandD. melanogasterreported previously demonstrated almost complete divergence among invertebrate and mammalian families of CTLD-containing proteins (CTLDcps). Results We have performed an analysis of CTLD family composition inFugu...[Show more]
|Gready, Jill E.
|BMC Genomics. 2004 Aug 01;5(1):51
|Background Members of the C-type lectin domain (CTLD) superfamily are metazoan proteins functionally important in glycoprotein metabolism, mechanisms of multicellular integration and immunity. Three genome-level studies on human,C. elegansandD. melanogasterreported previously demonstrated almost complete divergence among invertebrate and mammalian families of CTLD-containing proteins (CTLDcps). Results We have performed an analysis of CTLD family composition inFugu rubripesusing the draft genome sequence. The results show that all but two groups of CTLDcps identified in mammals are also found in fish, and that most of the groups have the same members as in mammals. We failed to detect representatives for CTLD groups V (NK cell receptors) and VII (lithostathine), while the DC-SIGN subgroup of group II is overrepresented inFugu. Several new CTLD-containing genes, highly conserved betweenFuguand human, were discovered using theFugugenome sequence as a reference, including a CSPG family member and an SCP-domain-containing soluble protein. A distinct group of soluble dual-CTLD proteins has been identified, which may be the first reported CTLDcp group shared by invertebrates and vertebrates. We show that CTLDcp-encoding genes are selectively duplicated inFugu, in a manner that suggests an ancient large-scale duplication event. We have verified 32 gene structures and predicted 63 new ones, and make our annotations available through a distributed annotation system (DAS) server http://anz.anu.edu.au:8080/Fugu_rubripes/ and their sequences as additional files with this paper. Conclusions The vertebrate CTLDcp family was essentially formed early in vertebrate evolution and is completely different from the invertebrate families. Comparison of fish and mammalian genomes revealed three groups of CTLDcps and several new members of the known groups, which are highly conserved between fish and mammals, but were not identified in the study using only mammalian genomes. Despite limitations of the draft sequence, theFugu rubripesgenome is a powerful instrument for gene discovery and vertebrate evolutionary analysis. The composition of the CTLDcp superfamily in fish and mammals suggests that large-scale duplication events played an important role in the evolution of vertebrates.
|JEG is supported by the ANU IAS block grant, and ANZ is supported by a PhD scholarship from the ANU.
|© 2004 Zelensky and Gready; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
|C-type lectin-like domains inFugu rubripes
|Zelensky, Alex N, Computational Proteomics and Therapy Design Group, John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University
|Gready, Jill E, Computational Proteomics and Therapy Design Group, John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University
|This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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|ANU Research Publications
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