This thesis attempts to account for the patterns of land utilization and settlement in Upper Mandailing, Sumatra, an area of 956 sq. km. occupied for several hundred years by rice farmers of Proto-Malayan stock. Upper Mandailing can be described as mountainous, Muslim
and patrilineal. These important features also distinguish
it from neighbouring areas. It is situated on the mountain backbone between Menangkabau (in the Province of Middle Sumatra) to the south and Lower Mandailing to the...[Show more]
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