The rise of Shi'ism in contemporary Indonesia : orientation and affiliation
This thesis examines the general developments of the Shi'a as a newly emerging religious minority in contemporary Indonesia, focusing on key Shi'i institutions across the country, particularly important pesantren and their relations with local and international institutions. During the1980s, the Shi'a along with other trans-national Islamic groups have taken root in the country, becoming especially active on campuses. This rise of Indonesian Shi'ism was attributable not only to global Islamic...[Show more]
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