Tobacco plantations and their impact on peasant society and economy in Surakarta residency : 1860-1980s
The cultivation of Vorstenlands cigar tobacco in Surakarta, which first developed around 1860, reached its most substantial level of development between 1890 and 1915; the industry then experienced a decade of consolidation in the 1920s, before suffering a sharp decline in profitability during the 1930s Depression. It ceased to operate almost entirely between 1942-1950 and when it was restored to production in the 1950s, it was able to operate only at output levels far below those of the...[Show more]
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