Late Qing governmental finance : revenue raising and centre-province relations, 1895-1911
In spite of the fact that the Qing fiscal system changed noticeably from the mid-nineteenth century on, a significantly new phase emerged only in the later decades, with the year 1895 forming the watershed. After that year financial crises became more acute than before and posed a serious threat to the functioning of the Qing regime. Government finance was in straitened circumstances as substantial portions of revenue were appropriated for the payment of indemnities and foreign debts as...[Show more]
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