Fitzpatrick, Merrilyn Anne
Chia-hsing in northern Chekiang was part of one of the most advanced
and prosperous sectors of the Ming empire. The pirate invasions of 1553
to 1556 were the direct outcome of the extra-legal overseas trade which had
arisen in the region as a consequence of its expansive economic capacity.
Contradictions within the conduct of overseas trade suddenly changed into
large-scale piracy when the Ming government re-enforced the ban on overseas
trade and travel. The crisis therefore which...[Show more]
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