The bamboo spear pierces the payung : the revolution against the bureaucratic elite in north central Java in 1945
The conflict between the Dutch-trained bureaucratic elite and the revolutionary movement in Pekalongan Residency on Java's North Coast in 1945 had its origins in the impact of Western capitalism in the area, particularly in the way the sugar mills exacerbated existing cleavages in peasant communities. During the Japanese occupation the gap between the bureaucratic elite and the people increased, the elite being forced to become economic supervisors for the Japanese. Compulsory rice...[Show more]
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