Water in the nominally anhydrous minerals of the upper mantle : analytical and experimental developments
The identification of 'water' (i.e., Off, H+, H20) as a trace element at defect sites in nominally anhydrous minerals (NAMs) has drastically changed the concept of water storage in the mantle and crust. Water, even at ppm level, is demonstrated to have dramatic effects on propagation of seismic waves, conductivity and rheology of minerals. It has been revealed, experimentally and in natural rocks, that water is incorporated 111 NAMs by different substitution mechanisms; however,...[Show more]
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