Faculty of Asian Studies


Confucianism: a Bibliography [to the Song Dynasty]

This list was originally compiled by Colin Jeffcott, Faculty of Asian Studies, Australian National University. It is meant as a collaborative venture: if you have an item you think should be included, please send it to:




1. Collections of essays on Confucianism in general

2. General studies on Confucianism or themes relevant to its context.

3. Early Confucianism

4. Confucianism: Han to Tang

5. Neo-Confucianism: General Studies

6. Collections of Essays on Neo-Confucian themes

7. Song Dynasty Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism





1. Collections of essays on Confucianism in general

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Eber, Irene, ed. Confucianism: The Dynamics of Tradition. New York, 1986.

Fairbank, J.K., ed. Chinese Thought and Institutions. Chicago, 1957.

Nivison, David S., and Arthur F. Wright, ed. Confucianism in Action. Stanford, 1959.

Wright, Arthur F., and Denis Twitchett, ed. Confucian Personalities. Stanford, 1962.

Wright, Arthur F., ed. The Confucian Persuasion. Stanford, 1960.

Wright, Arthur F., ed., Studies in Chinese Thought, Chicago, 1953., ed. Studies in Chinese Thought. Chicago, 1953.

2. General studies on Confucianism or themes relevant to its context.

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Birrell, Anne. Chinese Mythology: An Introduction. Baltimore, 1993.

Chan, Wing-tsit. A Source-book in Chinese Philosophy. Princeton, 1963.

Ching, Julia. Chinese Religions. Maryknoll, NY, 1993.

Ching, Julia. "The Problem of God in Confucianism." International Philosophical Quarterly 17 (1977): 3-32.

De Bary, Wm. T. The Trouble with Confucianism. Cambridge, Mass., 1991.

De Bary, Wm T and others compilers. Sources of Chinese Tradition. New York, 1960.

Fung Yu-lan, trans. Derk Bodde. History of Chinese Philosophy. Princeton, 1952. 2 vols.

Graham, A.C. Studies in Chinese Philosophy and Philosophical Literature. Albany, NY, 1990.

Henderson, John B. Scripture, Canon and Commentary: A Comparison of Confucian and Western Exegesis. Princeton, 1991.

Hsieh, Yü-wei. "Filial Piety and Chinese Society." Philosophy and Culture East and West. Ed. Charles A. Moore. Honolulu, 1962.

Ivanhoe, Philip J. Confucian Moral Self Cultivation. New York, 1993.

Jochim, Christian. Chinese Religions: A Cultural Perspective. Englewood Cliffs, 1986.

Kelleher, Therese. "Confucianism." Women in World Religions. Albany, N.Y., 1987.

Mote, F.W. "The Growth of Chinese Despotism." Oriens Extremus 8 (1961): 1-41.

Munro, Donald J., ed. Individualism and Holism: Studies in Confucian and Taoist Values. Ann Arbor, 1985.

Overmyer, Daniel L. Religions of China: the World as a Living System. Ed. H. Byron Earhart. Revised ed. San Francisco, 1992.

Schwartz, Benjamin I. "On the Absence of Reductionism in Chinese Thought." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 1.1 (1973): 27-44.

Sommer, Deborah, ed. Chinese Religion: An Anthology of Sources. Oxford, 1995.

Taylor, Rodney. The Religious Dimensions of Confucianism. Albany, NY, 1990.

Taylor, Rodney. "The Study of Confucianism as a Religious Tradition: Notes on Some Recent Publications." Journal of Chinese Religions 18 (1990): 143-159.

Thompson, Laurence G. Chinese Religion: An Introduction. fourth ed. Belmont, 1989.

Thompson, Laurence G., comp., edited by Gary Seaman. Chinese Religion: Publications in Western Languages 1981 through 1990. Los Angeles, 1993.

Tu, Wei-ming. Confucian Thought: Selfhood as Creative Transformation. Albany, NY, 1985.

Yang, Ch'ing-k'un. Religion in Chinese Society: a study of contemporary social functions of religion and some of their historical factors. Berkeley, 1961.

Yang, C.K. "The Functional Relationship between Confucian Thought and Chinese Religion." Chinese Thought and Institutions. Ed. John K. Fairbank. Chicago, 1957.

3. Early Confucianism

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Ames, Roger. "Religiousness in Classical Confucianism: A Comparative Analysis." Asian Culture Quarterly 12.2 (1984): 7-23.

Boodberg, Peter A. "The Semasiology of some primary Confucian concepts." Philosophy East and West 2 (1952-3): 317-32.

Confucius. The Analects. Trans. D.C. Lau. Harmondsworth, 1977.

Creel, Harrlee Glessner. Confucius and the Chinese way. New York, 1960.

Creel, Herrlee Glessner. Confucius : the Man and the Myth. New York, 1949.

Eno, Robert. The Confucian Creation of Heaven: Philosophy and the Defense of Ritual Mastery. Albany, NY, 1990.

Fingarette, Herbert. Confucius: the Secular as Sacred. New York, 1972.

Fung, Yu-lan. "The Confucianist Theory of Mourning, Sacrificial and Wedding Rites." The Chinese Social and Political Science Review 15.3 (1931): 335-346.

Graham, A.C. Disputers of the Tao : philosophical argument in ancient China. La Salle, Ill, 1989.

Graham, Angus G. Studies in Chinese Philosophy and Philosophical Literature. Albany, NY, 1990.

Hall, David L., and Roger T. Ames. Thinking through Confucius. Albany, NY, 1987.

Hansen, Chad. Language and Logic in Ancient China. Ann Arbor, 1983.

Hsün-tzu. See Xunzi.

Ivanhoe, Philip J. Ethics in the Confucian Tradition: The Thought of Mencius and Wang Yang-ming. Atlanta, 1990.

Ivanhoe, Philip J. "A Happy Symmetry: Xunzi's Ethical Thought." Journal of the American Academy of Religion 59.2 (1991): 309-22.

Ivanhoe, Philip J. "Thinking and Learning in Early Confucianism." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 17.4 (1990): 473-493.

Jensen, Lionel M. "The Invention of 'Confucius' and his Chinese Other, 'Kong Fuzi'." Positions: East Asia Cultures Critique 1.2 (1993): 414-59.

Knoblock, John. Xunzi : a translation and study of the complete works. Stanford, 1988-1994.

Lau, D.C. "Theories of Human Nature in Mencius and Shyuntzyy." Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 15.3 (1953): 541-565.

Lau, D.C., trans. Confucius: The Analects. Harmondsworth, 1977.

Lau, D.C., trans. Mencius. Harmondsworth, 1970.

Legge, James, trans,. The Chinese Classics. Hong Kong reprint, 1960.

Legge, James, trans. The Li Ki. Ed. F. Max Müller. London, 1926.

Lin, Yü-sheng. "The Evolution of the Pre-Confucian Meaning of Jen and the Confucian Concept of Moral Autonomy." Monumenta Serica 31 (1974-5): 172-204.

Machle, Edward J. Nature and Heaven in the Xunzi. Albany NY, 1993.

Mencius. Mencius. Trans. Lau, D.C. Harmondsworth, 1970.

Munro, Donald. The Concept of Man in Early China. Stanford, 1969.

Nivison, David S. "Mencius and Motivation." Journal of the American Academy of Religion 47.3 (1980): 417-32.

Nivison, David S. "Two Roots or One?." Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 56.3 (1980): 739-761.

Rosemont, Henry. "State and Society in the Hsün Tzu." Monumenta Serica 29 (1970-1).

Schwartz, Benjamin I. "Transcendence in Ancient China." Daedalus 104.2 (1975): 57-68.

Schwartz, Benjamin. The World of Thought in Ancient China. Cambridge, Mass, 1985.

Shchutskii, Iulian K. Researches on the I Ching. Trans. MacDonald, William L.; Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi; and Wilhelm, Hellmut. Princeton, NJ, 1979.

Shun, Kwong-loi, "Mencius and the Mind-Inherence of Morality: Mencius' Rejection of Kao Tzu's Maxim in Meng Tzu 2A:2." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 18.4 (1991): 371-386.

Shun, Kwong-loi, "Moral Reasons in Confucian Ethics." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 16.3/4 (1989): 317-343.

Shun, Kwong-loi, "Mencius' Criticism of Mohism: An Analysis of Meng Tzu 3A:5." Philosophy East and West 41.2 (1991): 203-214.

Shun, Kwong-loi. "Jen and Li in the Analects." Philosophy East and West 43.3 (1993): 457-479.

Shun, Kwong-loi. "Mencius on the Mind-Dependence of Morality: An Analysis of Meng Tzu 6A4-5." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 18.2 (1991): 169-193.

Smith, Kidder. "Zhouyi interpretation from accounts in the Zuochuan." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 49 (1989): 421-63.

T'an, Po-fu and Wen, Kung-wen. The Kuan-tzu. Carbondale, Ill, 1954.

Tillman, Hoyt. "The Development of Tension between Virtue and Achievement in Early Confucianism: Attitudes toward Kuan Chung and Hegemon (pa) as Conceptual Symbols." Philosophy East and West 31.1 (1981): 17-28.

Tu, Wei-ming. Centrality and commonality : an essay on Chung-yung. Honolulu, 1976.

Van Norden, Bryan. "Kwong-loi Shun on Moral Reasons in Mencius." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 18.4 (1991): 353-370.

Van Norden, Bryan. "Mengzi and Xunzi: Two Views of Human Agency." International Philosophical Quarterly 32.2 (1992): 161-184.

Wilhelm, Helmut. Heaven, Earth, and Man in "The Book of Changes". Seattle, 1977.

Wilhelm, Richard (trans.). The I Ching: or, Book of Changes. Third ed. Princeton, New Jersey, 1967.

Wong, David. "Universalism vs. Love with Distinctions: An Ancient Debate Revived." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 16.3/4 (1989): 251-272.

Xunzi. Xunzi : a translation and study of the complete works. Trans. John Knoblock. Stanford, 1988-94.

Yearley, Lee H. Mencius and Aquinas. Albany, NY, 1990.

Yearley, Lee H. "A Confucian Crisis: Mencius' Two Cosmogonies and their Ethics." Cosmogony and Ethical Order. Ed. Robin W Lovin, and Frank E. Reynolds. Chicago, 1985. 310-327.

Yearley, Lee H. "Hsün Tzu on the Mind: His Attempted Synthesis of Confucianism and Taoism." Journal of Asian Studies 39.3 (1980).

Yearley, Lee H. "Mencius on Human Nature: the Forms of His Religious Thought." Journal of the American Academy of Religion 43.2 (1975): 185-198.

Yearley, Lee H. "Toward a Typology of Religious Thought: A Chinese Example." Journal of Religions 55.4 (1975): 426-43.

4. Confucianism: Han to Tang

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Barrett, Timothy H. Li Ao: Buddhist, Taoist or Neo-Confucian. Oxford, 1992.

Ch'en, Ch'i-yün. Hsün Yüeh and the Mind of Late Han China. Princeton, 1980.

Chen, Jo-shui. Liu Tsung-yuan and Intellectual Change in T'ang China. New York, 1992.

Dull, Jack. "A Historical Introduction to the Apocryphal (Ch'an-Wei) Texts of the Han Dynasty." PhD Dissertation, University of Washington, 1996.

Hartman, Charles. Han Yü and the T'ang Search for Unity. Princeton, 1986.

Huan, K'uan. Discourse on Salt and Iron: a Debate on State Control of Commerce and Industry in Ancient China, chapters 1-28. Trans. Gale, Esson M. Leyden, 1931.

Loewe, Michael. Chinese Ideas of Life and Death: Faith, Myth and Reason in the Han Period. London, 1982.

Loewe, Michael. Crisis and Conflict in Han China. Cambridge, 1974.

McMullen, David. State and Scholars in T'ang China. Cambridge, 1988.

Queen, Sarah A. From chronicle to canon : the hermeneutics of the Spring and Autumn Annals, according to Tung Chung-shu. New York, 1996.

Tjan, Tjoe Som. Po Hu T'ung: the Comprehensive Discussions in the White Tiger Hall. Leiden, 1949. Two vols.

Weschler, Howard. Offerings of Jade and Silk: Ritual and Symbol in the Legitimation of the T'ang Dynasty. New Haven, 1985.

Yen, Chih-t'ui. Family Instructions for the Yen Clan. Trans. Teng, Ssu-yü. Leiden, 1968.

5. Neo-Confucianism: General Studies

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Chan, Wing-tsit. "The Evolution of the Neo-Confucian Concept of Li as Principle." Tsing-hua Journal of Chinese Studies 4 (1964): 123-149.

Chan, Wing-tsit. Neo-Confucianism etc: Essays. Hanover, New Hampshire, 1969.

Chang, Carsun. The Development of Neo-Confucian Thought. New York, 1957. Two vols.

De Bary, Wm Theodore. The Message of the Mind in Neo-Confucianism. New York, 1990.

Haeger, John W. "The Intellectual Context of Neo-Confucian Syncretism." Journal of Asian Studies 31 (1972): 499-513.

Henderson, John B. The development and decline of Chinese cosmology. New York, 1984.

Henderson, John B. Scripture, canon, and commentary#TIP : a comparison of Confucian and western exegesis. Princeton, N.J., 1991.

Hsü, Dau-lin. "The Myth of the 'Five Human Relations' of Confucius." Monumenta Serica 29 (1970-71): 27-37.

Metzger, Thomas E. Escape from Predicament: Neo-Confucianism and Chinese Political Culture. New York, 1977.

Thompson, Kiril. "The Religious in Neo-Confucianism." Asian Culture Quarterly 15.4 (1990): 44-57.

6. Collections of Essays on Neo-Confucian themes

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De Bary, Wm T., ed. Self and Society in Ming Thought. New York, 1970.

De Bary, Wm T., ed. The Unfolding of Neo-Confucianism. New York, 1975.

De Bary, Wm T. and Bloom, Irene, ed. Principle and Practicality: essays in Neo-Confucianism and practical learning. New York, 1979.

De Bary, Wm T. and Chafee, John W., ed., Neo-Confucian Education: the Formative Stage. Berkeley, 1989.

De Bary, Wm. Theodore and Haboush, JaHyun Kim, ed. The Rise of Neo-Confucianism in Korea. New York, 1985.

7. Song Dynasty Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism

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Birdwhistell, Anne D. Transition to neo-Confucianism : Shao Yung on knowledge and symbols of reality. Stanford, 1989.

Bol, Peter Kees. "This culture of ours" : intellectual transitions in Tang and Sung China. Stanford, 1992.

Chan, Wing-tsit, ed. Chu Hsi and Neo-Confucianism. Honolulu, 1986.

Chan, Wing-tsit. Chu Hsi: Life and Thought. Hong Kong, 1987.

Chan, Wing-tsit. "Patterns for Neo-Confucianism: Why Chu Hsi Differed from Ch'eng I." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 5 (1978).

Chan, Wing-tsit (trans.). Neo-Confucian Terms Explained: The Pei-Hsi Tzu-I. New York, 1986.

Chan, Wing-tsit (trans.). See Zhu, Xi and Lü, Zuqian, 1967, 1967.

Chen, Ch'un. Neo-Confucian Terms Explained: The Pei-Hsi Tzu-I. Trans. Chan, Wing-tsit. New York, 1986.

Ching, Julia. "The Goose Lake Monastery Debate." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 1 (1974).

Chu, Hsi. See Zhu Xi.

De Bary, Wm T. and Chafee, John W., ed. Neo-Confucian Education: the Formative Stage. Berkeley, 1989.

Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. The Inner Quarters: Marriage and the Lives of Women in the Sung Period. Berkeley, 1993.

Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. "See Yuan, Cai (1993)." (1993).

Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. See Zhu Xi (1991), 1991.

Gardner, Daniel. Chu Hsi and the Ta-hsüeh: Neo-Confucian reflections on the Confucian canon. Cambridge, Mass., 1986.

Gardner, Daniel K . See Zhu, Xi (1990), 1990.

Graham, A.C. Two Chinese Philosophers: Ch'eng Ming-tao and Ch'eng Ming-ch'üan. London., 1958 (Reprinted La Salle, Ill., 1992).

Hsieh, Shan-yuan. The life and thought of Li Kou, 1009-1059. San Francisco, 1979.

Huang, Chün-chieh. "The Synthesis of Old Pursuits and New Knowledge: Chu Hsi's Interpretation of Mencian Morality." Hsin-Ya hsüeh-shu nien-k'an 3 (1982).

Hymes, Robert P., and Schirokauer, Conrad, ed. Ordering the world : approaches to state and society in Sung Dynasty China. Berkeley, 1993.

Kassof, Ira E. The Thought of Chang Tsai. Cambridge, 1984.

Liu, James T.C. China Turning Inward: intellectual-political changes in the early twelfth century. Cambridge, Mass., 1988.

Liu, James T.C. "How Did a Neo-Confucian School Become the State Orthodoxy?" Philosophy East and West 23.4 (1973).

Liu, James T.C. Ou-yang Hsiu: an Eleventh century Neo-Confucianist. Stanford, 1967.

Lo, Winston W. The Life and Thought of Yeh Shih. Hong Kong, 1974.

Munro, Donald J. Images of Human Nature: A Sung Portrait, 1988.

Smith, Kidder; Bol, Peter K.; Adler, Joseph A.; and Wyatt, Don J. Sung Dynasty Uses of the I Ching. Princeton, NJ, 1990.

Tillman, Hoyt. Confucian Discourse and Chu Hsi's Ascendancy. Honolulu, 1992.

Tillman, Hoyt. Utilitarian Confucianism: Ch'en Liang's Challenge to Chu Hsi. Cambridge, Mass, 1982.

Wyatt, Don Juan. Shao Yung : champion of philosophical syncretism in early Sung China. Harvard, 1984.

Yuan, Cai. Family and property in Sung China : Yuan Ts'ai's Precepts for social life. Trans. Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. Princeton, 1983.

Zhu, Hsi. Learning to Be a Sage: Selections from The Conversations of Master Chu, Arranged Topically. Trans. Daniel K. Gardner. Berkeley, 1990.

Zhu, Xi. Chu Hsi's Family Rituals: A Twelfth Century Manual for the Performance of Cappings, Weddings, Funerals and Ancestral Rites. Trans. Ebrey, Patricia Buckley: Princeton, 1991.

Zhu, Xi and Lü, Zuqian. Reflections on Things at Hand: The Neo-Confucian Anthology. Trans. Chan, Wing-tsit. New York, 1967.


8. Links to other Relevant Pages

Bibliographical guide for AREL 2261:"Confucianism" in Question, at ANU

Classical Chinese Historiography for Chinese History (Benjamin Elman)

Chinese Philosophy Resources (Yoav Ariel )

Chinese philosophy home page - new page (Steven Brown)

Chinese philosophy home page - old page (Steven Brown)

The Journal of Asian Studies on J-Stor


This page was authorised by the Faculty of Asian Studies Executive Officer.
It was last changed on 11 Jan 2001.
Copyright 2002 Australian National University [CRICOS #00120C].