A longitudinal investigation of perceived control and cognitive performance in young , midlife and older adults

Date

2008

Authors

Windsor, Timothy
Anstey, Kaarin

Journal Title

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Volume Title

Publisher

Swets Zeitlinger BV

Abstract

Longitudinal associations between generalized control beliefs (one's perceived capacity to influence events) and cognitive test performance were examined in a population-based sample of young, midlife and older adults. Participants provided measures of perceived control, self-assessed health, education and depression and anxiety symptoms, and completed cognitive tests at two assessments, 4 years apart. For each age group, baseline (between-person) control was positively related to performance on tests of memory (immediate recall and digits backwards), speed (Symbol Digit Modalities Test and choice reaction time) and verbal intelligence (Spot-the-Word). Interaction effects indicated stronger associations of between-person control beliefs with indices of speed for the older age group relative to the younger groups. Within-person changes in control were not significantly associated with changes in cognitive test performance over the study interval. Implications of the findings for self-efficacy based interventions designed to promote cognitive functioning are discussed.

Description

Keywords

Keywords: anxiety; article; cognition; controlled study; depression; education; female; groups by age; health; human; intelligence; male; memory; perception; reaction time; self concept; self evaluation; Adult; Aging; Choice Behavior; Cognition; Culture; Humans; Lo Cognition; Control; Lifespan development; Midlife; Social cognition

Citation

Source

Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition

Type

Journal article

Book Title

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Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.1080/13825580802348570

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