Embryonic diapause in the Australian plague locust relative to parental experience of cumulative photophase decline

Date

2014

Authors

Deveson, Edward
Woodman, James

Journal Title

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Volume Title

Publisher

Elsevier

Abstract

The Australian plague locust Chortoicetes terminifera (Walker) exhibits facultative embryonic diapause during autumn. To approximate natural photoperiod changes during late summer and autumn, locust nymphs were reared under different total declines in laboratory photophase (-0.5, -0.75, -1.0, -1.25, -1.5, -1.75, -2. h each lowered in 15. min steps) in a 24. h photoperiod to quantify any effect on the subsequent production of diapause eggs. Induction of diapause eggs was significantly affected by accumulated photoperiod decline experienced by the parental generation throughout all development stages from mid-instar nymph to fledgling adult. The incidence of embryonic diapause ranged from nil at -0.5. h to 86.6% diapause at -2. h. Continued declines in photoperiod for post-teneral locusts (transitioned from -1. h until fledging to -1.75. h) produced a further increase in the proportion of diapause eggs. The results were unaffected by time spent at any given photoperiod, despite a previously indicated maximal inductive photoperiod of 13.5. h being used as the mid-point of all treatments. Implications for the seasonal timing processes of photoperiodism in C. terminifera, which has a high migratory capacity and a latitudinal cline in the timing of diapause egg production across a broad geographic range, are discussed.

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Citation

Source

Journal of Insect Physiology

Type

Journal article

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DOI

10.1016/j.jinsphys.2014.08.004

Restricted until

2037-12-31