Land, labour and capital: Small and large-scale miners in Papua New Guinea

Date

2020

Authors

Bainton, Nicholas A
Owen, John R.
Kenema, Simon
Burton, John

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Pergamon Press

Abstract

This paper provides the first detailed characterisation of the interface dynamics between artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) and large-scale mining (LSM) activities in Papua New Guinea, recently termed ‘ASM-LSM interfaces’. We characterise these interfaces across the project lifecycle at operational, non-operating, and future mines. Despite industry commitment to contemporary standards for social responsibility, our study shows that large-scale miners actively co-construct ASM-LSM interfaces and contribute to their intensification, which often results in violence, dispossession, and entrenched inequalities. By focussing on interfaces, we identify the influences and effects on the underlying elements that small and large-scale mining activities have in common, namely land, labour and capital. This provides the basis to chart the ‘mining encounters’ among the host of actors entangled in these extractive zones, and the competing interests that arise at each resource conjuncture.

Description

Keywords

Resource governance, Conflict, Poverty alleviation, Sustainable development, Extractive industries

Citation

Source

Resources Policy

Type

Journal article

Book Title

Entity type

Access Statement

License Rights

DOI

10.1016/j.resourpol.2020.101805

Restricted until

2099-12-31